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New York Times’ Upshot reveals new data showing that the gender pay gap is because of gender, not jobs:

"Rearranging women into higher-paying occupations would erase just 15 percent of the pay gap for all workers and between 30 percent and 35 percent for college graduates, she found. The rest has to do with something happening inside the workplace.

The trick is workplace flexibility in terms of hours and location.

'The gender gap in pay would be considerably reduced and might vanish altogether if firms did not have an incentive to disproportionately reward individuals who labored long hours and worked particular hours,' she wrote in a paper published this month in the American Economic Review.

Occupations that most value long hours, face time at the office and being on call — like business, law and surgery — tend to have the widest pay gaps. That is because those employers pay people who spend longer hours at the office disproportionately more than they pay people who don’t, Dr. Goldin found. A lawyer who works 80 hours a week at a big corporate law firm is paid more than double one who works 40 hours a week as an in-house counsel at a small business.

What all this data presumes is that women with children are the ones who want the flexibility to work remotely or at odd hours. Maybe more workplaces would change more quickly if men placed more value on that, too.”

Here’s the link to the full article:

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/04/24/upshot/the-pay-gap-is-because-of-gender-not-jobs.html?partner=rss&emc=rss&smid=tw-upshot&_r=0